People's Daily Online, Beijing, July 10 (Reporter Qiao Xuefeng) A group of occupations disappeared with the development of technology, and another batch of occupations was born with the rise of industrial upgrading and service consumption.
On July 9th, the US delegation commented that the 21st Century Economic Research Institute and Zhilian Recruitment jointly released《2019年生活服务业新职业人群报告》(hereinafter referred to as《报告》),《报告》, showing that in the digital economy era, the life service industry not only spawned under the emerging consumer demand. A number of "new and unique" occupations, under the transformation of the Internet, have produced a number of "digital" new jobs in the traditional service industry.
What kind of person is the new professional? They have "three highs": high education Nearly 70% have college degree or above, high income Nearly one quarter of new professionals have a monthly income of over 10,000, high requirements 71% of new professionals have participated in vocational training, they are free Self-confidence, self-motivation, and advocating professionalism are the "dream-seekers" of the service industry in the new era.
New careers become a new choice for graduates
The youngest 90s have entered the university, and the oldest 90s have been near, and they have become the main force of this new career.《报告》pointed out that after 80, 90 accounted for more than 90% of the new occupational population, of which 90% occupied half of the country, after 95% accounted for more than 22%.
According to data from the Ministry of Education, the number of college graduates in 2019 is as high as 8.34 million. The new generation of young people in the career period have become the focus of social attention. In front of them, young new professionals have opened up a multi-employment path of “no limits”. They are different from their parents, and they are not like the generations of the 80s. They are adhering to the spirit of freedom and professionalism, and they are not sticking to the traditional concept of career choice. In the e-sports consultant, 撸猫师, STEM Maker instructor, hotel income manager, unmanned car safety officer, online restaurant decorator and many other unique new professional fields, I have worked hard to create my own world.
xxThe “slash youth” is one of the labels of new professionals. Nearly 20% of new professionals have one or more part-time jobs, and their income sources are more diversified. In recent years, the homestay community, which is popular among young people, has a career rate of 60%.
There are no restrictions on work, and there are no limits on entrepreneurship. There are also many "small bosses" among new professionals.《报告》shows that 20.5% of the "small bosses" used to be white-collar workers in business units, and 9% of "small bosses" came from state-owned enterprises and institutions. The top three service industries that these new occupations and entrepreneurs prefer are leisure entertainment. pets and the marriage industry.
The new occupation of “no limit” also matches the expectations of this college student at the salary level. According to the survey data《报告》, 55% of new professionals earn more than 5,000 yuan a month, including 24.6% of the "high-paying talents" with a monthly salary of over 20,000 and a monthly salary of more than 25,000.
New professionals continue to participate in vocational training to seek growth
When the office workers are still discussing the "996" topic in a hot world, the new professional has quietly shouldered a more "bitter" side.《报告》It shows that over 40% of new professionals only have a single break per week, and even 10% of new professionals only take breaks during the Spring Festival, and over 70% of new professionals work more than 8 hours a day. In addition, due to the particularity of the life service industry, most of the office workers' legal holidays and outings are the peak period of work for new professionals.
In addition to continuing to work hard, new self-promoted professionals are more willing to participate in vocational training and self-improvement.
In traditional cognition, the life service industry is a low-value-added labor-intensive industry, but new professionals use their own actions to tell the public that “professionalism” is becoming more and more important in the transformation and upgrading of the service industry. “I entered the maternal and child industry after graduating from college. I also studied the professional knowledge of senior maternal and child care, breastfeeding instructors, senior pediatric tutors and nutrition diners.” Maternal and child care graduates from Yunnan Normal University Zhang Lin is one of the typical representatives of the new occupational group.
In fact, the new profession is attracting more and more highly educated talents due to factors such as freedom of time, high income and flexibility.《报告》It shows that the proportion of new professionals with college degree or above is close to 70%, of which 33% are undergraduate and above. The top three categories of these highly educated talents are the psychological counselors, plastic surgeons, and STEM makers. are all emerging businesses on the market, and it is hard to get high-paying talents.
In the service industry, education is not a threshold, and professionalism is a hard standard. The new profession is also becoming a job pool for secondary education and other secondary education. As long as it is “skilled and specialized in technology”, the new business and new professions in the life service industry will enable them to “do their best and have people Its post".
Professionalism also makes it easier for new professionals to “hold on”,《报告》shows that over 30% of new professionals have never changed jobs in this profession, and 27% of new professionals have worked for more than 3 years before changing jobs.
"The emergence of new occupations reflects the vitality and creativity of China's economic life in recent years. New industries, new formats, and new models continue to generate new kinetic energy. At the same time, the new professional release promotes the professionalism of practitioners' skills, broadens career development prospects, and enhances Treatment and enhancement of professional identity will have an important role to play," said Zhang Bingzi, director and researcher of the Research Department of the Ministry of Social Development of the Development Research Center of the State Council.xx